Clubs Vermillion Rebeka Lodge #28

The Vermillion Rebeka Lodge #28 held its annual roll call on April 11 at 7:30 p.m. There were 69 members, friends and Odd Fellows present. Ike Baisden was the Master of Ceremony. The Grand Lodge Officers presented were: Col. Dick Youngkrantz, department commander, Lt. Col. Robert Munsil, vice president of department council, Lady Alice Munsil, vice president depart. association.

The Roll Call of all members of the Odd Fellows, Rebekahs, Encampment, LEA, Cantons and LAPM were called. A solo by Katie Kribell was enjoyed by all. She has played for us for eight years and she has really turned into an accomplished piano player. Four members were honored with jewels, which were presented by Fern Morse. They were: Mabel Jorgenson, 75 years pinned by her daughter, Evelyn Peterson; Eileen Johnson, 50 years pinned by her sister Harriet Randall; Alma Randolph, 35 years pinned by her niece, Harriet Randall; Leona Sealey, 25 years pinned by her daughter, Eleanor Bobier.

Betty McCambridge then gave a reading on the hanging of the Virginia Youngkrantz picture for completing as grand matriarch. We were then entertained by the Tri-Valley Barbershop Chorus, followed by lunch.

We had three visitors from Yankton, some wives of the barbershop chorus also three visitors from Vermillion.

Clay County Democrats

The monthly meeting of the Clay County Democrats was held at noon April 12 at the Prairie Restaurant. Allen Johnson, co-chair, Clay County Democrats, called the meeting to order. The annual Jefferson-Jackson Day was announced and will be held in Sioux Falls on April 29. Berwyn Svoboda, co-chair, explained the various levels of ticket prices. Sandra Waltman from the Central Democrat Office was also present and spoke about preparations for the upcoming election. The Clay County annual fund-raising banquet will be held at the Prairie on May 18 at 6 p.m. Congressional primary candidates Pete Hohn and Steve Sandven will speak as well as Judy Olson, state chair. Local candidates will also be present. There will be a social hour preceding th meal and an auction immediately following.

Democratic candidates for local offices were introduced and spoke briefly about their experience and plans for running. County commission candidates William O'Conner, Heath Nelson, and Ralph Westergaard spoke. Tom Vogel is also a candidate for one of the positions on the commission. Maxine Johnson, Democrat candidate for State House also spoke. B.J. Nesselhuf and Joe Reedy were unable to be present at the meeting but will speak at the May event.

The May banquet will take the place of the next meeting for the Clay County Democrats. The next regular meeting of the Clay County Democrats will take place on Wednesday noon, June 14 at the Prairie Restaurant. Local Democratic candidates will be present. All Clay County Democrats are urged to attend.

Jolly Juniorettes

The Jolly Juniorettes 4-H Club met April 11 at the 4-H Center.

Members picked up litter on the fair grounds. Our meeting was called to order by Theresa Dendinger. Nancy Heine led the Pledge of Allegiance. David Rosacker led the 4-H Pledge. We decided to donate money to the 4-H Annual Campaign. We will also attend the Vermillion High School play in May.

Nancy Heine presented a demonstration on the "Wonderful World of Wood." Patty Crowley led a judging school on "Decorated Paper Sacks."

Our next meeting will be June 13.

Patty Crowley, Reporter

Senior Citizens Center

On Wednesday, April 12, 48 card players gathered at the center to socialize, share cups of coffee, and try their skill at playing cards. Twenty played pitch, four played skip-bo and 24 played bridge.

Bridge prizes were earned by Marie Parke, high; Robin Eisenmenger, second; Leona Kryger, third; Marilyn Siecke, fourth; Phyllis Christol, blind bogie; and Howard Melstad, low.

Refreshments were furnished by Adeline Isaacson and Shirley Riehle.

Come join us at 1 p.m. every Wednesday. Coffee is served at 3 p.m. No reservations needed.

Southeast #12 Canton and LAPM

The Southeast #12 Canton and LAPM met Wednesday evening at 7:30 p.m. at Vermillion with Virginia Youngkrantz presiding. The regular opening was held and then the sick and distressed were announced. Not too many sick, so had a good turnout. A letter from the Arthritis Foundation with some tickets enclosed was received. If anyone would like some tickets to win $2,000 and two plane fares anyplace in the US, they are just $1 a piece. Contact Secretary Agnes Sealey at 624-5684.

We practiced our inspection and the officers did a good job. Next meeting, they will practice for what we have to do at the association meeting in June. The auxiliary was closed in form. Fern Morse, Elinore Bobier and Leona Sealey served lunch.

Vermillion Rotary Club

Gen. Lloyd Moses and John Williams combined their intimate knowledge of Native Americans in South Dakota to bring fellow Rotarians and guests a primer this week on the origins of the Sioux tribes and their tribal governance.

According to Gen. Moses, evidence suggests that the Sioux peoples once lived in what is now North and South Carolina and then perhaps moved successively to the Ohio Valley and northern Minnesota. Pushed out of Minnesota by the Chippewa nation, the Sioux eventually settled in what is now South Dakota and southern North Dakota, where the acquisition of horses allowed them to live and hunt over a vast territory. Relations with the white people were relatively amicable until the newcomers penetrated tribal hunting grounds. During wars which began in 1861 and lasted for 30 years, the Sioux were eventually defeated by inferior technology and numbers until they were forced onto reservations.

John Williams, who is an enrolled member of the Oglala Sioux Tribe, displayed a map showing the nine Indian reservations located wholly or partly in South Dakota. Traditional tribal government evolved prior to 1934 into a largely informal organization based on representation through reservation "districts." Beginning in 1934 the federal government mandated a formal voting process for tribal officials through new districts based on population. About the same time the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Indian Health Service bureaucracies began their relative stranglehold on Indian services, because they held the purse strings.

Williams concluded the program by saying that Native Americans would prefer to govern themselves by having the federal government take appropriations now going to the BIA and IHS and turn the monies over to the tribes so they can solve their own problems. Gaming revenues have given selected tribes in populated areas a new economic power, but most of the 500-plus tribes across the country are still struggling with a system that increasingly looks unworkable.

Rotary guests Tuesdays included Bob and Mary Ann Bergman and the final contingent from this year's senior class at Vermillion High School � Amanda Taggart, Derek Weidermann, Matt Williams and Tasha Zimmerman.

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