Diabetes screening will be offered at Sioux Valley Vermillion Hospital

Diabetes screening will be offered at Sioux Valley Vermillion Hospital November is National Diabetes Awareness Month and during the entire month, Sioux Valley Vermillion Campus will offer diabetes screening in lab at a reduced rate of $5.

For diabetics who have home blood glucose monitors, this is an opportunity for you to bring your monitor in and have it checked for accuracy with the laboratory.

Diabetes is a disorder of the metabolism � the way in which your body converts the food you eat into energy. The pancreas no longer functions properly and no longer produces enough insulin.

Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas which delivers the food into the body's cells so that the body can use it as energy. If there is no insulin or not enough insulin, the blood sugar rises. This high blood sugar is called hyperglycemia.

Over a long period of time, this high blood sugar can lead to complications of atherosclerosis throughout the entire body. Atherosclerosis narrows vessels and leads to poor circulation. The narrowing can affect vessels which often lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, nerve damage, amputations, and blindness.

Diabetes with its complications is the sixth leading cause of death by disease in this country. Management of diabetes involves balancing diet, exercise, medication � either pills or insulin. Through proper education and management, complications can be slowed down or eliminated.

There are two types of Diabetes: Type 1 (formerly called juvenile-onset) and Type 2 (formerly called adult-onset). Type 1, the more severe form of the disease, can appear at any age, through it is most commonly diagnosed from infancy to the late 30s. People with Type 1 must take daily insulin injections to live. There are about one million people in the U.S. that have Type 1 and that number is staying fairly constant.

Type 2 usually begins after age 40 and most are overweight. There are approximately 16 million Americans that have diabetes. However, half of those people are not diagnosed. The number of persons afflicted with Type 2 diabetes is growing at an average rate of 6 percent per year.

Reasons for the increase are related to our aging population, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle.

Treatment typically involves dietary and weight control, although oral medication or insulin may be required in some cases.

Sioux Valley Vermillion Campus recognizes the importance of prevention through diabetes education and early diagnosis through screening. Sioux Valley Vermillion Campus will be doing screening at the hospital in November and at different locations throughout the community within the year to identify those who do not know that they have diabetes.

When a person is found to have diabetes, individualized diabetes education is provided by a dietitian and a nurse who is a certified diabetes educator. A diabetes support group meets regularly and focuses on education and emotional support for people in the community.

Please stop by the hospital lab in the month of November to have a blood sugar screening test done Monday through Friday, 7:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more information, call Mary Auch, RD or Marsha Thompson, RN at 624-2611.

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