Gen. Lloyd R. Moses is featured in South Dakota History South Dakotans in the military are the focus of the latest issue of South Dakota History, the quarterly journal of the South Dakota State Historical Society. Topics include the history of Fort Randall, an Armour soldier's view of World War I battlefields, and an Aberdeen guardsman's Korean War service on the Alaskan frontier. A special feature highlights La-kota winter counts housed at the State Historical Society.
In her article, "Holding Down the Fort: A History of Dakota Territory's Fort Randall," Brenda K. Jackson outlines the history of the post that was built in 1856 to protect westering pioneers from Indian aggressions. Ironically, an army company composed entirely of American Indians was the last to occupy the post, which closed in 1892. Jackson, whose field is western United States history, teaches at Washington State University at Pullman.
Called to service toward the end of World War I, Armour farmer Edward Harris documented his experiences from training camp to western-front trenches in letters to his mother. In "Remembering Private Harris: A South dakotan in World War I," Richard Lofthus fills in the background and sets the scene for excerpts from the letters. Lofthus is a professor of history at Mount Marty College in Yankton.
In "Teaching Arctic Survival to the Eskimos': Life with the Second Eskimo Scout Battalion, 1951-1952," Robert G. Webb and Aberdeen natives Richard and Patricia Heinzman recall the Heinzman's service at an isolated Alaska outpost during the Korean War. Richard Heinzman trained Eskimo scouts to form part of the nation's early-warning system against Soviet threat, while Patricia Heinzman served with the unit as a civilian administrator. Webb, professor emeritus at Northern State University, has a long-standing interest in the history of the South Dakota National Guard.
American Indians possessed a keen sense of their own history, according to Ron McCoy in a "Dakota Resources" feature entitled "'A People without History is Like Wind on the Buffalo Grass': Lakota Winter Counts." Tribal historians documented memorable events by drawing pictures on hides, cloth or paper. McCoy, a history professor at Emporia State University in Kansas, describes the winter counts in the South Dakota Historical Society collection and how they relate to one another.
Retiring as a general after three decades in the U.S. Army, Lloyd R. Moses worked to help American Indian students in South Dakota. Veronica J. Urquhart of Pierre profiles the Rosebud tribal member's army and public service careers in "Dakota Images."
South Dakota History is a benefit of membership in the South Dakota Historical Society and produced by the society's research and publishing program. The magazine and memberships may be purchased from the society at 900 Governors Drive, Pierre, SD 57501-2217.
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A program of the state Department of Education and Cultural Affairs, other program areas of the State Historical Society are the museum, archives, historic preservation and archeology. For more information, visit the society's Web site at www.sdhistory.org.