South Dakota reports three more human West Nile cases

South Dakota reports three more human West Nile cases Three more probable cases of human West Nile were reported by the state Health Department Sept. 10. The virus was identified in a resident of Pierre in Hughes County, a resident of Lower Brule in Lyman County, and a resident of Aberdeen in Brown County. The Lower Brule case was a 2-year-old child who was hospitalized but has been discharged and is recovering.

A total of 13 cases of human West Nile cases have now been reported in South Dakota. The median age of the cases is 60, with ages ranging from 2 to 92. Twenty-three percent have been female and 77 percent male. There have been no deaths reported.

Previous cases have been reported in Haakon, Hand, Hughes, Lake, Lyman, Miner, Potter and Walworth counties. The state laboratory has also reported 265 negative human tests for West Nile.

"The fact that Lyman has now reported three human cases of West Nile makes it very important that people in the area take precautions to prevent mosquito bites," said Dr. Lon Kightlinger, state epidemiologist.

He offered the following precautions:


* Get rid of old tires and other containers where water can accumulate and serve as a breeding ground for mosquitoes.


* Avoid outdoor activities at dusk and dawn when mosquitoes are most active.


* Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants when in mosquito infested areas.


* Use mosquito repellents containing DEET, making sure to follow the directions on the container.


* Use bug lights and screen doors and windows.


* Communities in affected areas should consider adult mosquito control.

West Nile has now been reported in 64 counties in the state, in a total of 74 birds, 456 horses, and a sampling of mosquitoes. The only counties that have not reported detections are Buffalo and Ziebach.

Nationally, there have been 1,086 cases of human West Nile reported and 45 deaths.

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