This is the second Hantavirus-associated death in southeastern South Dakota in the past year.� ��
Hantavirus is caused by a virus carried by rodents. It can result in Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) which causes the lungs to fill with fluid and can cause respiratory failure. It was first detected in 1993 in the southwestern�United States. Since 1993, approximately 440 cases have been reported in the nation. 1993 South Dakota has reported 11 cases since 1993.�
While�South Dakota�is not a high-risk state for HPS, the potential for cases exists statewide because the primary carrier of the virus is the deer mouse, which is found statewide. People become infected when they breathe in aerosolized virus from the droppings, urine or saliva of the mice.�
Symptoms usually appear within two weeks of exposure and include fatigue, a fever of 101-104�, muscle aches, cough, vomiting and other gastrointestinal symptoms. He said those who have been around rodents and have symptoms of fever, deep muscle aches and severe shortness of breath should see their doctor immediately.
Rodent control in and around the home is the best way to prevent Hantavirus infection:�
- Seal gaps around roofs, attics, basements, windows, doors, foundations, vents, air conditioners, and under sinks and other pipes
- Set snap traps in places where mice, nesting materials, urine or droppings have been seen.
- Wear rubber or plastic gloves when handling dead rodents or rodent droppings.
- Spray dead mouse, urine or droppings with a disinfectant.
or a mixture of 11?2 cups household bleach and 1 gallon of water. Soak for 5 minutes before wiping up with a paper towel or rag.
- Place the paper towel, mouse, trap and nesting materials in a plastic bag and seal it. Place in a second bag and seal that as well.
- Mop or sponge the area with a disinfectant or bleach solution. Don't use vacuum cleaners or brooms, since they may create aerosols.�Wash�gloved hands with soap and water before removing gloves; wash hands with soap and water after taking off gloves.
- Reduce rodent food sources and nesting sites by keeping your home and yard free of junk and rubbish. Use thick plastic or metal containers with tight lids for garbage and for storing pet food.�