Workshop's goal: Diagnose 'patients' using team approach By: David Lias
Plain Talk The â�?�?patientsâ�? werenâ�?�?t really ill, but during an Oct. 14 workshop they each presented a host of challenges to University of South Dakota students majoring in a variety of health fields. One of the main goals of the Team Approach to Caring Workshop, held Tuesday at the Andrew E. Lee Memorial Medicine and Science Building on the USD campus, was to expose students to more of a â�?�?real worldâ�? setting of patient diagnosis. During the workshop, professors and other volunteers emulated real-life medical situations and challenges. Students worked in teams to assess and evaluate patients. The workshop is designed to help students appreciate health professions outside of their own. It also builds diagnosis skills, teamwork and respect for input and contributions from others. Each team reviewed the patientâ�?�?s chart and was given five minutes per profession to assess and interview. The team identified the patientâ�?�?s primary and secondary problems and completed a list of recommendations for care. â�?�?This workshop is to have the students have a chance to work as an interdisciplinary team,â�? said Joy Karges, a member of USDâ�?�?s physical therapy faculty said. â�?�?They also learn about other health disciplines, and they work on their interpersonal skills.â�? Approximately 300 students took part in the workshop. One of the advantages of the dayâ�?�?s activities, Karges said, is the exposure the participants receive in other fields of health care. â�?�?Eventually,â�? she said, â�?�?they will work in inter-professional settings, and it helps them to learn what each person has to offer as a team.â�? Each â�?�?patientâ�? Karges said, has his or her own medical file. â�?�?There is a medical history for each patient, and there is role play information. They each read their case ahead of time to learn their roles, but it is the studentsâ�?�? jobs to dig out what the diagnosis is. â�?�?They come out with the top five problems that the patient has,â�? she said, â�?�?and then their plan to help the patient with those top five problems.â�? The students are given 30 minutes to review each â�?�?patientâ�?�?sâ�? chart, followed by a 45-minute interview. Representatives of all the disciplines have a chance to ask questions, and the students the have about 30 minutes to come up with their plan for each female and male mock patient. â�?�?The male or female patient then comes back into the room, and the students receive their feedback, and immediately the faculty will give their input,â�? Karges said. The annual workshop has been held at different locations on the USD campus in past years. The recent completion of the spacious new Lee Medical Building now provides a perfect setting for this team approach in medical care training. Approximately four years ago, the workshop was greatly expanded to include the 300 participants from a wide variety of health care fields. Disciplines involved medicine, nursing, physician assistant, physical therapy, occupational therapy, alcohol and drug studies, health care administration, social work, dental hygiene, nutrition, speech language pathology and audiology. â�?�?The programs are from the school of medicine, the school of health sciences, arts and sciences, and the school of business,â�? Karges said. After the students hold their meetings with the â�?�?patients,â�? they receive feedback on their performance. â�?�?Recommendations that the faculty have come up with for each case will be shared with them, and also they may receive some feedback on how they worked as a team, and how they may be improved, or what they did well,â�? Karges said. Each mock patient in Wednesdayâ�?�?s workshop offered a health care challenge in each of the various disciplines being analyzed by the 300 students. â�?�?They have to work together to figure out whatâ�?�?s the top priority on addressing the proper care for each patient,â�? Karges said. Many of the issues the students confronted Tuesday dealt with challenges in geriatric health care, such as dental problems, or shortcomings in such areas as hearing and vision. Some of the â�?�?patientsâ�? wore hospital gowns over their street clothes to represent people who were in a hospital setting. People dressed normally were of a group of patients who live at home and are unwilling to leave that setting, despite failing health. These characteristics are quite similar to what health care professionals deal with on nearly a daily basis today in South Dakota, with its demographics of an aging population in a rural setting. â�?�?The mock patients both live or have lived in a rural setting,â�? Karges said. The male patients, for example, live in rural setting; the female patients used to live in rural South Dakota but moved to larger cities in the state to be closer to health care. â�?�?These are patients that we typically see in a South Dakota setting,â�? she said.
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