Radioman 2nd Class Frank (Bud) Marshall was born Aug. 2, 1925, to Frank and Leona Marshall in Astoria, OR.
He enlisted in 1943 in Spokane, WA. He had made an appointment with the draft board without his father's knowledge when he was a senior in high school. His mother had a friend on the draft board, but the information didn't leak out. On a Wednesday or Thursday, he received a telephone call from his mother while in school. She was excited and said he had received a letter that he had been drafted into the Navy and had to report in Spokane by the next Monday.
Bud enlisted for the duration plus six, which meant that he would remain attached to the Navy until the war ended, plus six more months. For the most part, these enlistees were discharged according to the �points� they had accumulated. Points were given for length of service, overseas or combat duty and battle decorations. Bud ranked somewhere in the middle.
From Spokane he went to boot camp at Farragut Naval Training Station at Sanpoint, ID. After boot camp Bud was sent to the University of Idaho which was in Moscow, ID. His training there � which took about two months � was for him to become a radioman.
From Idaho, he went down to Camp Pendleton, and shipped out from San Diego on a small aircraft carrier bound for Hawaii. He transferred off that carrier to some barracks. After a few days he was called into an office where he and a few others were given their shipping orders. All of them were attached to the USS Anderson DD411 and to Pearl Harbor.
The USS Anderson DD411 operated out of New Guinea and assisted ships that were in trouble.
In October 1944, the largest naval battle of World War II took place, the Battle of Leyte Gulf, where American and Australian forces took on the Japanese Imperial Navy. The allied forces invaded the island of Leyte in order to isolate Japan from some of the countries in southeast Asia that they had occupied.
On Oct. 20, the USS Anderson arrived at Leyet Gulf and was on patrol. During the battle, the Anderson fired on several planes but did not have any success. But on Nov. 1, the enemy was strong, coming at them from all directions.
�We fired everything we had in the way of ammunition,� said Bud.
They were able to hit several planes with one of them going into the water. Finally one of the kamikazes crashed into the ship's port side, aft of the break in the deck. As this was going on, Bud came out of the radioman's area to see if there was anything he could do. When the plane crashed, it burst into flame. Bud ran from his area around the ship to where it was hit, because the backup radioman's room was nearby. It was during that time that he was burned while trying to help. He was one of 22 sailors who were wounded that day, with 14 sailors who died.
When the war ended, Bud was on the Anderson in the Aleutian Islands, helping bombard the Kuril Islands. When the armistice was announced, the Anderson sailed to Honshu Island where the surrender of Japan was signed aboard the USS Anderson. Bud sailed back to Pearl Harbor, where he was asked to participate in atom bomb tests on Bakimni atoll in the Marshall Islands. He declined because he wanted to go to college in the fall.
He came back to the states on a troop ship to San Francisco and Treasure Island. From there he went to Seattle by train and took a ferry boat to Bremerton Naval Shipyards, where he received his discharge papers, and then took the ferry boat back to Seattle, only to find all means of transportation had gone on strike. So, he hitched a ride on an 18-wheeler as far as Ellensburg, WA, and then another ride to Walla Walla, arriving at the Marcus Whitman Hotel at 5 a.m. Not wanting to wake his parents at that hour, he lay down on a couch in the lobby and napped until he knew his dad, Frank would be in his office at the Pacific Power and Light Company. At 9 a.m., when Bud walked into the office carrying his duffel bag and a Japanese rifle with bayonet, the whole office erupted.
�I was king of the hill that day,� he said.
Since Bud went into the service before he graduated from high school, he would need to go back after the service to take more classes to graduate. But because he took several classes at the University of Idaho to become a radioman, the school accepted those credits and he was eligible to graduate. Eligible but not able to come home for the graduation ceremony, his mother walked across the stage and received his diploma for him.
Bud received some medals. They are: Asiatic Pacific Area Campaign, World War II Victory Medal, Philippine Liberation Medal (1 star) and the Purple Heart.