While the holidays are a great time to get together and reminisce with friends and family, the holiday meal can be quite intimidating for the newbie or even the veteran home chef. This year, the experts at the South Dakota Pork Producers Council (SDPPC) encourage South Dakota cooks to get back to the basics when preparing the classic ham as the traditional dinner table centerpiece.
"As many South Dakotans are looking to keep things simple and affordable this holiday season, South Dakota pork offers a solution to keep the kitchen stress-free for cooks by sticking to the basics," said Paul Brandt, SDPPC president. "Ham is a traditional, show-stopping favorite and is an easy dinner table centerpiece to purchase and cook for a party of any size – from a meal for one to a larger celebration."
Purchasing the perfect ham
Hams are labeled according to the amount of water added during the curing process. Hams are most commonly available in three varieties:
- Ham with natural juices, which has had little water added during the curing process and is ideal for holiday celebrations.
- Ham with water added retains more water during the curing process than ham with natural juices.
- Ham and water product is a common type of ham that is most often found at the deli counter. It is a great choice if ham is intended to be served cold.
All varieties of cured ham are either boneless or bone-in. Bone-in hams are traditionally considered more attractive and boneless are considered easier to serve because of simplified carving. For a traditional, simple holiday dinner, the South Dakota pork experts recommend purchasing a bone-in, smoked, cooked ham and adding pizzazz with a homemade glaze.
Back to basics with cooking the perfect ham
As noted on the label, most hams are already fully cooked, which is why it's important to not overcook them. Cooked hams can either be served cold or after warming in the oven. Uncooked hams should be heated to an internal temperature of 160 degrees F.
"The goal of cooking ham is to add flavor and to warm the ham without drying it out," said Brndt.
The following are some basic tips for cooking the perfect ham:
- Preheat oven to 350 degrees F.
- Mix up a glaze and rub it over ham. South Dakota cooks can season pork with favorite herbs, such as rosemary and thyme. Or, try glazing it with a honey apricot glaze. (See recipe below)
- Place ham in a shallow pan, uncovered, for 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 hours or until an inserted meat thermometer reads 140 degrees F. (About 15-18 minutes per pound)
- Let the ham rest for 15-20 minutes after baking, to let the juices redistribute and set.
- Serve with other traditional side dishes. To add a little twist to the meal, chefs can serve ham with different fruit salsas or chutneys, such as Orange-Mint Salsa or Sweet-n-Hot Apple Chutney
Not only is pork easy to prepare, but it can also help South Dakotans watch their waistlines this holiday season. Not only is pork easy to prepare, but it can also help South Dakotans watch their waistlines this holiday season. In fact, the USDA discovered that seven common cuts of fresh pork are leaner today than they were 15 years ago – on average about 16 percent lower in total fat and 27 percent lower in saturated fat. The leaner pork is the result of new technology in hog production and superior genetics.
South Dakota ranks eleventh in the nation for pork production. We also provide 7,900 jobs and contribute $520 million annually to the State's economy. South Dakota hogs consume 315,000 tons of Soybean Meal and 52 million bushels of corn a year. The vast majority (98 percent) of the hog farms in South Dakota are family owned and operated.
For more nutritional information and pork recipes or for information about modern pork production, please visit www.sdppc.org.
Baked Ham with Honey-Apricot Glaze
Recipe from TheOtherWhiteMeat.com
10 minutes prep, 120 minutes cook
10-14 pound fully cooked smoked ham, spiral sliced
1 cup honey
1 6-oz can orange juice concentrate, thaw
1/3 cup soy sauce
1/3 cup apricot jam
1/2 teaspoon ground nutmeg
1/4 teaspoon ground cloves
Preheat oven to 325 degrees F. Place ham on rack in shallow roasting pan. Stir together remaining ingredients in medium bowl; set aside. Bake ham for 30 minutes; pour glaze over ham and continue to bake until ham is heated through, about a total of 2 1/2 hours.
A spiral-sliced ham is an easy and elegant start to a holiday meal. Serve with Dilled Peas and Potatoes Vinaigrette, Spinach-Strawberries Salad, biscuits, and angel food cake with strawberries.
Calories: 407 calories
Protein: 30 grams
Fat: 23 grams
Sodium: 1881 milligrams
Cholesterol: 86 milligrams
Saturated Fat: 8 grams
Carbohydrates: 19 grams
Fiber: 0 grams